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Post-colonial discourse in Spanish-speaking media: Framing of October 12th in Spanish and Mexican newspapers
Název práce v češtině: Postkoloniální diskurs ve španělsky mluvících médiích: Rámování 12. října ve španělských a mexických novinách
Název v anglickém jazyce: Post-colonial discourse in Spanish-speaking media: Framing of October 12th in Spanish and Mexican newspapers
Klíčová slova: 12. říjen; Kolumbův den; postkolonialismus; koloniální diskurz; kolektivní paměť; analýza zpravodajských rámců.
Klíčová slova anglicky: October 12th; Columbus Day; post-colonialism; colonial discourse; collective memory; news frame analysis.
Akademický rok vypsání: 2022/2023
Typ práce: diplomová práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Katedra žurnalistiky (23-KZ)
Vedoucí / školitel: doc. PhDr. Alice Němcová Tejkalová, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 15.11.2022
Datum zadání: 15.11.2022
Datum a čas obhajoby: 14.09.2023 09:30
Místo konání obhajoby: Hollar, H011, Hollar - místn. č. 011
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:29.07.2023
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 14.09.2023
Oponenti: Mgr. František Géla
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Předběžná náplň práce
V důsledku koloniálních vztahů přetrvávají v současných společnostech pozůstatky kolonialismu, které se projevují v oblastech, jako je ekonomika, politika a kultura, a udržují nerovnosti mezi národy. Tuto problematiku ilustrují oslavy 12. října. Datum připomíná příjezd Kolumba do Ameriky v roce 1492 a slaví se jako národní den Španělska a v bývalých španělských koloniích po celé Americe. Oslava však čelí stále větší kritice kvůli svému koloniálnímu původu. Tento výzkum využívá kvalitativní analýzu zpravodajských rámců ke zkoumání rámcování oslav 12. října ve španělských a mexických novinách v letech 2012 až 2022. Analýza odhaluje převážně kritický pohled na zobrazování oslav, což vede ke zvýšené polarizaci kolem této události. Byla zjištěna přítomnost koloniálního diskurzu, který oslavuje koloniální éru a osvobozuje kolonizátory od minulých špatností, a je častější ve španělských publikacích. Tím, že tato studie osvětluje rámcování oslav 12. října, přispívá k pochopení přetrvávání koloniálního dědictví v médiích. Zjištění zdůrazňují potřebu kritického zkoumání a reflexe historických událostí s cílem podpořit informovanost a prosazovat inkluzivnější vyprávění, která uznávají složitost koloniální historie.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
In the aftermath of colonial relations, the vestiges of colonialism persist in contemporary societies, manifesting themselves in spheres such as economics, politics
and culture; and perpetuating inequalities between nations. The commemoration of October 12th illustrates this issue. This date marks the arrival of Columbus in America
in 1492 and is celebrated as Spain’s national day and in former Spanish colonies throughout the Americas. However, the celebration has faced increasing criticism due to
its colonial origins. This research employs a qualitative news frame analysis to investigate the framing of October 12th celebrations in Spanish and Mexican newspapers from 2012 to 2022. The analysis reveals a predominantly critical perspective in the portrayal of the celebration, leading to increased polarisation around the event. The presence of colonial discourse, which glorifies the colonial era and exempts the colonisers from past wrong doings, has been identified and is more prominent in Spanish publications. By shedding light on the framing of the October 12th celebrations, this study contributes to understanding the persistence of colonial legacies in the media. The findings underline the need for critical examination and reflection on historical events to foster awareness and promote more inclusive narratives that acknowledge the complexities of colonial history.
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