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Basic Income as a Possible Solution to the Trade-off between Full Employment and Economic Growth in Germany
Název práce v češtině: Základní nepodmíněný příjem jako možné řešení kompromisu mezi plnou zaměstnaností a hospodářským růstem v Německu
Název v anglickém jazyce: Basic Income as a Possible Solution to the Trade-off between Full Employment and Economic Growth in Germany
Klíčová slova: Basic Income, Full Employment, Economic Growth, Germany
Klíčová slova anglicky: Basic Income, Full Employment, Economic Growth, Germany
Akademický rok vypsání: 2021/2022
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Vedoucí / školitel: Janusz Salamon, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 23.09.2022
Datum zadání: 23.09.2022
Datum a čas obhajoby: 20.06.2023 08:30
Místo konání obhajoby: Jinonice - Nový Kampus, B330, 330, seminární místnost IPS
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:27.04.2023
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 20.06.2023
Oponenti: doc. Ing. Vladimír Benáček, CSc.
 
 
 
Zásady pro vypracování
Research Question(s) and Topic Characteristics:

With the Stability Law (StabG) of 1967, the German federal government set four economic goals to maintain and expand the population’s welfare. The Stability Act still decisively influences economic policy behavior and thinking today. The four goals are stability of the price level, full employment, external balance, and steady and appropriate economic growth. If the four goals are respected, significant economic fluctuations do not occur, and the economy runs stably, according to the idea behind the law. The inevitable fourth industrial revolution, the networking among machines and the use of artificial intelligence (A.I.) are leading to a caesura in the labour world. As workflows and production chains improve, work shifts. Many non-academic jobs in sales and production are being replaced by computer systems. The people who lose their jobs to artificial intelligence can’t always be trained or change jobs to an industry that isn’t fully digitized. This leads to a conflict of objectives between full employment and economic growth, which can only be achieved by increasing efficiency through digitization. The social question arises. What form must social and economic policy take to compensate for the adverse effects of ongoing digitization? What alternatives are offered to people who lose their jobs because of digitization? In the past industrial revolutions, grievances were remedied by introducing and expanding social security systems. Think of the introduction of health, unemployment, disability and pension insurance. In the bachelor thesis I want to examine the basic income as an answer to the social question under philosophical and economic aspects. The research question “Is the introduction of a basic income to compensate for the negative effects of Industry 4.0 a good idea from a philosophical and economic point of view?” aims at giving a new direction to the previous failed reform proposals of the Stability Law. Therefore, the goal of the thesis should be seen as an impulse for discussion and as a starting point for further research.


Working hypotheses:
1. The goal of full employment is indispensable for the stability of the economy 2. The digitalization wave through industry 4.0 is inevitable
3. In contrast to the previous industrial revolutions, the fourth industrial revolution leads to fewer and more specialized jobs
4. The loss of jobs to computer systems threatens the social and economic stability of the country
5. Basic income could provide social and economic stability in the right configuration


Methodology:
This bachelor thesis aims to examine the introduction of a basic income as a political measure to maintain economic stability and social cohesion. To this end, the first part of the thesis examines the changes in the German working world triggered by advancing digitalization and evaluates their positive and negative effects. The negative effects (e.g., high unemployment among the low-skilled) form a social question. Different forms of basic income are presented as compensation for the negative effects. Based on the first part, the introduction of a basic income is considered phil-osophically in the second part. In the third part, the compatibility of a basic income with the economy will be examined. For this purpose, I will draw on existing empirical knowledge, such as the Finnish study on an unconditional basic income and its effects on people’s behavior. After the philosophical as well as the economic analysis, I will draw a short interim conclusion, which will lead to a reform proposal for the Stability Act in the fourth part.
Seznam odborné literatury
Andelfinger, Volker P.; Hänisch, Till (Hg.) (2017): Industrie 4.0: Wie cyber-physische Systeme die Arbeitswelt verändern. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Blättel-Mink, Birgit; Schulz-Schaeffer, Ingo; Windeler, Arnold (Hg.) (2021): Handbuch Innovationsforschung: Sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Bothfeld, Silke (2018): Das bedingungslose Grundeinkommen zwischen Utopie und sozialstaatlicher Wirklichkeit. In: Leviathan 46 (1), S. 81–108. DOI: 10.5771/0340-0425-2018-1-81.
Bruhn, Manfred; Hadwich, Karsten (Hg.) (2021): Künstliche Intelligenz im Dienstleistungsmanagement. Band 1: Geschäftsmodelle - Serviceinnovationen -Implementierung. 1st edition. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; Springer Gabler (Forum Dienstleistungsmanagement).
Chinoracký, Roman; Turská, Stanislava; Madlenáková, Lucia (2019): Does Industry 4.0 Have the Same Impact on Employment in the Sectors? In: MNG 14 (1), S. 5–17. DOI: 10.26493/1854-4231.14.5-17.
Enzo Weber (2016): Industrie 4.0. In: Industrie 4.0. DOI: 10.3278/IFO1601W092.
Hermann, Thomas; Hirschle, Sandra; Kowol, David; Rapp, Julian; Resch, Ulrike; Rothmann, Johannes (2017): Auswirkungen von Industrie 4.0 auf das Anforderungsprofil der Arbeitnehmer und die Folgen im Rahmen der Aus- und Weiterbildung. In: Industrie 4.0: Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, S. 239–253. Online verfügbar unter https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-658-15557-5_15.
Hirsch-Kreinsen, Hartmut; Ittermann, Peter; Falkenberg, Jonathan (Hg.) (2018): Digitalisierung industrieller Arbeit. Die Vision Industrie 4.0 und ihre sozialen Herausforderungen. Digitalisierung industrieller Arbeit. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. 2., aktualisierte und erweiterte Auflage. Baden-Baden: Nomos (Edition Sigma).
Koller, Eva (2022): The Impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on Potentially Disadvantaged Groups : An Analysis of How Industry 4.0 Can Promote Decent Work and Equality for Women and Older Employees. Online verfügbar unter http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?dswid=1027&pid=diva2%3A1631241&c=1&searchType=SIM PLE&language=en&query=The+Impact+of+the+Fourth+Industrial+Revolution+on+Pot entially+Disadvantaged+Groups&af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%5D%5D&aq2=%5B%5B %5D%5D&aqe=%5B%5D&noOfRows=50&sortOrder=author_sort_asc&sortOrder2=titl e_sort_asc&onlyFullText=false&sf=all.
MacDougall, William: Report: Industry 4.0 in Germany. Online verfügbar unter https://www.gtai.de/resource/blob/64500/8b7afcaa0cce1ebd42b178b4430edc82/industrie 4-0-germany-market-outlook-progress-report-en-data.pdf.
Marc Ingo Wolter; Anke Mönnig; Markus Hummel; Christian Schneemann; Enzo Weber; Gerd Zika et al.: Industry 4.0 and the consequences for labour market and economy: Scenario calculations in line with the BIBB-IAB qualifications and occupational field projections. Online verfügbar unter https://doku.iab.de/forschungsbericht/2015/fb0815_en.pdf.


Maximilian Sommer (2016): A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany. Hg. v. Springer Cham. Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Online verfügbar unter https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-24064-0#bibliographic-information, zuletzt aktualisiert am 28.06.2022, zuletzt geprüft am 28.06.2022.
Pribytkova, Elena (2015): Unconditional Basic Income or a Decent Social Minimum? In: RphZ 1 (4), S. 377–392. DOI: 10.5771/2364-1355-2015-4-377.

Schnüriger, Hubert (2015): Das Recht, nicht in Armut leben zu müssen, und die Unterscheidung zwischen vollkommenen und unvollkommenen Pflichten / The right not to live in poverty and the distinction between perfect and imperfect duties. In: RphZ 1 (4), S. 353–367. DOI: 10.5771/2364-1355-2015-4-353.

Stefan Paulus, Bettina Grubenmann (2020): Soziale Frage 4.0. Eine soziohistorische Einführung für die Soziale Arbeit heute. Hg. v. Verlag Barbara Budrich. Online verfügbar unter https://elibrary.utb.de/doi/10.36198/9783838553573-130-165, zuletzt aktualisiert am 25.06.2022, zuletzt geprüft am 25.06.2022.

Szabó-Szentgróti, Gábor; Végvári, Bence; Varga, József (2021): Impact of Industry 4.0 and Digitization on Labor Market for 2030-Verification of Keynes’ Prediction. In: Sustainability 13 (14), S. 1–19. Online verfügbar unter https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v13y2021i14p7703-d591610.html.

Zink, Klaus J. (Hg.) (2019): Arbeit und Organisation im digitalen Wandel. Arbeit und Organisation im digitalen Wandel. 1. Auflage. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Předběžná náplň práce
Outline:
1. Introduction
1.1. Subject matter and motivation 1.2. Methodology
2. Changes in the labor market
2.1. Influence of digitalization on the labor market 2.2. Social question
2.3. Types of (unconditional) basic income 3. Basic income in Philosophy
3.1. The right to an adequate standard of living 3.2. Arguments against basic income
3.3. Mid-term conclusion
4. Basic income in Economics 4.1. Financing
4.2. Empirical Analysis 4.3. Mid-term conclusion
5. Reform proposals for the Stability Law 6. Conclusions
7. References / Bibliography
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
Outline:
1. Introduction
1.1. Subject matter and motivation 1.2. Methodology
2. Changes in the labor market
2.1. Influence of digitalization on the labor market 2.2. Social question
2.3. Types of (unconditional) basic income 3. Basic income in Philosophy
3.1. The right to an adequate standard of living 3.2. Arguments against basic income
3.3. Mid-term conclusion
4. Basic income in Economics 4.1. Financing
4.2. Empirical Analysis 4.3. Mid-term conclusion
5. Reform proposals for the Stability Law 6. Conclusions
7. References / Bibliography
 
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