A massacre is remembered and transmitted as a collective frame and for that reason, individual and personal stories are often being forgotten. Hence, this thesis aims to shed more lights on the stories of individuals and victims in transmitting memories of a massacre. In doing so, it investigates how the memories of the troubled past during the Jeju Uprising of the Republic of Korea are remembered and transmitted. This event has multiple names such as the April 3rd Incident, Jeju Killings, Jeju Rebellion and simply 4.3 (Sasam) that represents the date of armed uprising in Jeju, 1943. As the different names imply, there exists polysemic memories and narratives within the same discourse. With a case study of the 4.3 trails, which follow the historic sites and the places of the massacre of Jeju Uprising, the research question includes how each trail helps to transmit memories and decentralize the official narrative of Jeju Uprising. This thesis hypothesizes that the active performance of the trails enables visitors and docents (consisting of residents and victims of the villages) to build a sense of belonging to the lost villages, which were completely wiped out during the military operation. In order to prove this, a fieldwork was conducted for interviews, and by observing participants and using a narrative analysis for finding the representation gap between official and local, as well as collective and individual memories.
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