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Komparace aplikovaných politik a přístupů ve vybraných amerických městech v kontextu městské kriminality
Název práce v češtině: Komparace aplikovaných politik a přístupů ve vybraných amerických městech v kontextu městské kriminality
Název v anglickém jazyce: Comparing applied policies and approaches in select U.S. cities in the context of urban crime
Klíčová slova: městská kriminalita, veřejné politiky, Baltimore, New York City, Chicago
Klíčová slova anglicky: urban crime, public policy, Baltimore, New York City, Chicago
Akademický rok vypsání: 2019/2020
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: čeština
Ústav: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Vedoucí / školitel: PhDr. Jakub Dopieralla
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 10.02.2020
Datum zadání: 10.02.2020
Datum a čas obhajoby: 14.06.2021 08:00
Místo konání obhajoby: Pekařská 16, JPEK313, 313, Malá učebna, 3.patro
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:04.05.2021
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 14.06.2021
Oponenti: Mgr. Bc. Jakub Tesař, Ph.D.
 
 
 
Kontrola URKUND:
Seznam odborné literatury
Monografie a odborné články

BUTTS, Jeffrey A., Caterina Gouvis ROMAN, Lindsay BOSTWICK a Jeremy R. PORTER. Cure Violence: A Public Health Model to Reduce Gun Violence. Annual Review of Public Health [online]. January 7, 2015 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031914-122509#_i10.

COLLINS, Reed. Strolling While Poor: How Broken-Windows Policing Created a New Crime in Baltimore. Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy [online]. 2007, Fall 2007, XIV(Number 3), 419-440 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/geojpovlp14&id=425&collection=journals&index=.

Dinkins, David N.; Knobler, Peter (2013). A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic. New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-61039-301-0. Riggio, Len, Foreword, page xi.

DRYDEN WITTE, Anne. Urban Crime: Issues and Policies. Housing Policy Debate [online]. Fannie Mae Foundation, 1996, [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.innovations.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/hpd_0704_witte.pdf.

Effects of Baltimore’s Safe Streets Program on Gun Violence: A Replication of Chicago’s CeaseFire Program. Journal of Urban Health [online]. 2013, 2012, 90(1), 27-40 [cit. 2021-01-29]. ISSN 1099-3460. Dostupné z: doi:10.1007/s11524-012-9731-5.

EVANS, Douglas N., Jeremy REED PORTER a Cynthia-Lee MARAGH. What Do We Know About NYC’s Stop and Frisk Program?: A Spatial and Statistical Analysis. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal [online]. March 2014 [cit. 2021-4-1]. Dostupné z: doi:10.14738

GRUNWALD, Ben a Andreas V. PAPACHRISTOS. Project Safe Neighborhoods in Chicago: Looking Back a Decade Later. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology [online]. Winter 2017 [cit. 2021-5-3]. Dostupné z: https://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7600&context=jclc.

Harcourt, Bernard E., and Jens Ludwig. “Broken Windows: New Evidence from New York City and a Five-City Social Experiment.” The University of Chicago Law Review, vol. 73, no. 1, 2006, pp. 271–320. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4495553. Accessed 1 Apr. 2021.

JANKOWSKI, MARTÍN SÁNCHEZ. Islands in the Street: Gangs and American Urban Society. University of California Press, 1991. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1ppdz1. Accessed 1 Apr. 2021.

JOYCE, Ted. Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime? The Journal of Human Resources [online]. 2004, 39(1) [cit. 2021-4-24]. ISSN 0022166X. Dostupné z: doi:10.2307/3559003.

Lott, John R. and Whitley, John E, Abortion and Crime: Unwanted Children and Out-of-Wedlock Births (April 30, 2001). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=270126 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.270126.

PAPACHRISTOS, Andrew V. a David S. KIRK. Changing the Street Dynamic: Evaluating Chicago's Group Violence Reduction Strategy. Wiley Online Library [online]. 2015, 28 August 2015, 14(3), [cit. 2020-11-16]. ISSN 15386473. Dostupné z: doi:10.1111/1745-9133.12139.

PAPACHRISTOS, Andrew V., Christopher WILDEMAN a Elizabeth ROBERTO. Tragic, but not random: The social contagion of nonfatal gunshot injuries. Social Science and Medicine [online]. Jan 1 2015, (125), 139-150 [cit. 2021-5-3]. Dostupné z: https://www.scholars.northwestern.edu/en/publications/tragic-but-not-random-the-social-contagion-of-nonfatal-gunshot-in.

REUTER, Peter, Robert J. MACCOUN a Patrick MURPHY. Money from Crime: A Study of the Economics of Drug Dealing in Washington, D.C. The RAND Corporation, 1990, 194 s. ISBN 0-8330-1069-7.

WEBSTER, Daniel W., Jennifer Mendel WHITEHILL, Jon S. VERNICK a Elizabeth M. PARKER. Evaluation of Baltimore’s Safe Streets Program: Effects on Attitudes, Participants’ Experiences, and Gun Violence [online]. January 11, 2012 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: http://cureviolence.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Safe-Streets-full-evaluation.pdf. John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Internetové zdroje

About. AmericanViolence.org [online]. [cit. 2021-5-1]. Dostupné z: https://www.americanviolence.org/about?compChartType=differenceChart&compare=none&crimeType=1&customCompareInterval&customTimespanInterval=2014-01-01T00%3A00%3A00.000%2F2019-12-01T00%3A00%3A00.000&metric=total&precision=yearly&selectedCensusTractsIds&selectedCitiesIds&sortColumn=name&sortPage=0&sortReversed=false&timespan=custom.

AHMED, Nadia. The Deteriorating Impact of the Project Safe Neighborhoods Program in Chicago. Chicago Policy Review [online]. Thursday, March 8th, 2018 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://chicagopolicyreview.org/2018/03/08/the-deteriorating-impact-of-the-project-safe-neighborhoods-program-in-chicago/.

AmericanViolence.org [online]. [cit. 2021-5-2]. Dostupné z: https://www.americanviolence.org/chart?compChartType=differenceChart&compare=none&crimeType=1&customCompareInterval&customTimespanInterval=2014-01-01T00%3A00%3A00.000%2F2020-12-01T00%3A00%3A00.000&metric=total&precision=yearly&selectedCensusTractsIds&selectedCitiesIds=2404000&sortColumn=name&sortPage=0&sortReversed=false&timespan=from1990.

Baltimore Homicides [online]. [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://homicides.news.baltimoresun.com/?range=all.

BERGMAN, Greg a Julian ADLER. How New York City reduced crime and incarceration. City&State New York [online]. MARCH 7, 2018 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.cityandstateny.com/articles/opinion/commentary/how-new-york-city-reduced-crime-and-incarceration.html.

Biographical Sketch of Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke [online]. [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/011600/011606/html/schmoke.html.

BOLE, Nicole a Ben FRACTENBERG. Bloomberg Defends Stop And Frisk, Unloads On Inspector General Bill, And Calls NYCLU ‘Extremists’. In: HUFFPOST [online]. 04/30/2013 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/bloomberg-stop-and-frisk_n_3186641?guccounter=1.

BRAGA, Anthony A., David M. KENNEDY, Anne M. PIEHL a Elin J. WARING. Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project’s Operation Ceasefire [online]. [cit. 2021-4-24]. Dostupné z: https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/188741.pdf.

BUTTS, Jeffrey A. a Sheyla A. DELGADO. REPAIRING TRUST: Young Men in Neighborhoods with Cure Violence Programs Report Growing Confidence in Police. In: Research and Evaluation Center [online]. John Jay College of Criminal Justice, October 2017 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://johnjayrec.nyc/2017/10/02/repairing2017/.

COOK, Philip J. ASSESSING URBAN CRIME AND ITS CONTROL: AN OVERVIEW [online]. February 2008, [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.nber.org/papers/w13781.pdf.

Court: Taxing Illegal Drugs Is Unconstitutional [online]. [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://web.archive.org/web/20120131141658/http://www.newschannel5.com/story/7044396/court-taxing-illegal-drugs-is-unconstitutional.

Cure Violence (Chicago, Illinois). Youth.gov [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://youth.gov/content/cure-violence-chicago-illinois.

Data and Methods. AmericanViolence.org [online]. [cit. 2021-5-1]. Dostupné z: https://www.americanviolence.org/cities?compChartType=differenceChart&compare=none&crimeType=1&customCompareInterval&customTimespanInterval&metric=total&precision=yearly&selectedCensusTractsIds&selectedCitiesIds&sortColumn=name&sortPage=0&sortReversed=false&timespan=last5Years.

DAVEY, Monica. Rahm Emanuel Proposes More Police and Mentors to Stop Chicago’s Cascading Violence. The New York Times [online]. Sept. 22, 2016 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/23/us/chicago-rahm-emanuel-guns.html.

DELGADO, Sheyla A., Laila ALSABAHI, Kevin WOLFF, Nicole ALEXANDER, Patricia COBAR a Jeffrey A. BUTTS. THE EFFECTS OF CURE VIOLENCE IN THE SOUTH BRONX AND EAST NEW YORK, BROOKLYN: Denormalizing Violence: A Series of Reports From the John Jay College Evaluation of Cure Violence Programs in New York City. In: RESEARCH AND EVALUATION CENTER [online]. JOHN JAY COLLEGE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, OCTOBER 2, 2017 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z:https://johnjayrec.nyc/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/CVinSoBronxEastNY.pdf.

DOMONOSKE, Camila a David SCHAPER. Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel Not Seeking Re-Election [online]. September 4, 2018 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.npr.org/2018/09/04/644553271/chicago-mayor-rahm-emanuel-not-seeking-reelection.

DUMKE, Mick. The Daley Legacy, Inescapable: Crime. New York Times [online]. Sept. 12, 2010 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/12/us/12cncweblegacy.html.

DURKIN, Erin. De Blasio confirms he'll cut $1B from NYPD budget. In: Politico [online]. 06/29/2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.politico.com/states/new-york/albany/story/2020/06/29/de-blasio-confirms-hell-cut-1b-from-nypd-budget-1295930.

Ex-Mayor Rudy Giuliani, City GOP Unveil Plan to Revive NYC, Includes Hiring 9K Cops. In: NBC New York [online]. September 16, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/former-mayor-rudy-giuliani-city-gop-officials-to-unveil-plan-to-revive-nyc/2620339/.

FARLEY, Robert. Giuliani’s Misleading Attack on de Blasio and Crime. In: FactCheck.org [online]. July 2, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.factcheck.org/2020/07/giulianis-misleading-attack-on-de-blasio-and-crime/.

Focused Deterrence in Depth [online]. [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.rand.org/pubs/tools/TL261/better-policing-toolkit/all-strategies/focused-deterrence/in-depth.html.

FONTAINE, Jocelyn, Jesse JANNETTA, Andrew PAPACHRISTOS, David LEITSON a Anamika DWIVENDI. Put the Guns Down: Outcomes and Impacts of the Chicago Violence Reduction Strategy [online]. 2017 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/92321/2017.07.31_vrs_full_report_finalized_0.pdf. Evaluace. Urban Institute.

FORD, Matt. What Caused the Great Crime Decline in the U.S.? The Atlantic [online]. APRIL 15, 2016 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/04/what-caused-the-crime-decline/477408/.

HENNING SANTIAGO, Amanda Luz. How Rudolph Giuliani became New York City’s mayor. In: City&State New York [online]. OCTOBER 14, 2019 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.cityandstateny.com/articles/politics/new-york-city/how-rudolph-giuliani-became-new-york-citys-mayor.html.

HENRY, Vincent E. COMPSTAT MANAGEMENT IN THE NYPD: REDUCING CRIME AND IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE IN NEW YORK CITY [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.unafei.or.jp/publications/pdf/RS_No68/No68_11VE_Henry1.pdf.

CHAKRABORTY, Barnini. Rahm Emanuel under increasing fire for linking Chicago violence and morals in minority neighborhoods. Fox News [online]. August 18, 2018 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.foxnews.com/us/rahm-emanuel-under-increasing-fire-for-linking-chicago-violence-and-morals-in-minority-neighborhoods.

CHAVIS, Lakeidra. Chicago’s Gun Violence Plan Looks Good on Paper, Prevention Leaders Say. Can the City Pull It Off? The Trace [online]. October 16, 2020 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.thetrace.org/2020/10/chicago-mayor-lightfoot-plan-reduce-shootings-police-funding/.

JAYACHANDRAN, Thejasa. Community Policing: A Success Story? [online]. August 10, 2016 [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://pioneerinstitute.org/better_government/community-policing-success-story/.

JONES, David R. PAYING TRIBUTE TO THE CITY’S 106TH MAYOR. In: Community Service Society [online]. October 22nd, 2015 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.cssny.org/news/entry/paying-tribute-to-the-citys-106th-mayor.

KELLING, George L. a James Q. WILSON. Broken Windows: The police and neighborhood safety. The Atlantic [online]. March 1982 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1982/03/broken-windows/304465/.

KELLING, George L. a William H. SOUSA JR. Do Police Matter? An Analysis of the Impact of New York City’s Police Reforms [online]. 2001 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://media4.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/cr_22.pdf. Civic Report. CENTER FOR CIVIC INNOVATION AT THE MANHATTAN INSTITUTE.

KIELY, Eugene. Is Stop-and-Frisk Unconstitutional? In: FactCheck.org [online]. September 29, 2016 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.factcheck.org/2016/09/is-stop-and-frisk-unconstitutional/.

MANGUAL, Rafael A. By Fostering Crime, de Blasio Has Deepened the ‘Two New Yorks’ Divide. In: Manhattan Institute [online]. September 10, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.manhattan-institute.org/by-fostering-crime-de-blasio-has-deepened-the-two-new-yorks-divide.

MANGUAL, Rafael A. Redefining Success in Chicago. City Journal [online]. May 10, 2019 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.city-journal.org/rahm-emanuel-chicago-crime.

McKee, Adam J.. "Broken windows theory". Encyclopedia Britannica, 14 Dec. 2018, https://www.britannica.com/topic/broken-windows-theory. Accessed 1 April 2021.

MITCHELL, Alison. Giuliani Zeroing In on Crime Issue; New Commercials Are Focusing on Fears of New Yorkers. In: The New York Times [online]. Sept. 20, 1993 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.nytimes.com/1993/09/20/nyregion/giuliani-zeroing-crime-issue-new-commercials-are-focusing-fears-new-yorkers.html?searchResultPosition=312.

Moving To Opportunity. National Bureau of Economic Research [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.nber.org/programs-projects/projects-and-centers/moving-opportunity?page=1&perPage=50.

O'BRIEN, John. 39 GANGSTER DISCIPLES INDICTED. Chicago Tribune [online]. August 31, 1995 [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1995-08-31-9509010218-story.html.

PAZMINO, Gloria. De Blasio Announces $10 Million Expansion of 'Cure Violence' Program. In: Spectrum News NY1 [online]. JUN. 10, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/news/2020/06/10/mayor-update-nypd-policing-and-school-safety.

Police Department City of New York: CompStat [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/nypd/downloads/pdf/crime_statistics/cs-en-us-city.pdf.

Practice Profile: Hot Spots Policing [online]. September 09, 2013 [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://crimesolutions.ojp.gov/practicedetails?id=8&ID=8.

Rudy Giuliani accuses Bill de Blasio of 'destroying' his city. In: Fox 5 New York [online]. September 18, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.fox5ny.com/news/rudy-giuliani-accuses-bill-de-blasio-of-destroying-his-city.

Safe Streets. John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health [online]. [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/center-for-prevention-of-youth-violence/field_reports/Safe_Streets.html.

Shootings Fell Sharply in Neighborhoods Operating NYC-Funded “Cure Violence” Programs, New Study Shows. In: Mayor's Office of Criminal Justice [online]. October 2, 2017 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://criminaljustice.cityofnewyork.us/press-release/shootings-fell-sharply-in-neighborhoods-operating-nyc-funded-cure-violence-programs-new-study-shows/.

SCHNEIDERMAN, Eric T. A REPORT ON ARRESTS ARISING FROM THE NEWYORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT’S STOP-AND-FRISK PRACTICES [online]. In: . [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://ag.ny.gov/pdfs/OAG_REPORT_ON_SQF_PRACTICES_NOV_2013.pdf.

SCHWARTZMAN, Paul a John WAGNER. As Baltimore mayor, critics say, O’Malley’s police tactics sowed distrust. In: The Washington Post [online]. April 25, 2015 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/as-mayor-of-baltimore-omalleys-policing-strategy-sowed-mistrust/2015/04/25/af81178a-ea9d-11e4-9767-6276fc9b0ada_story.html.

SILVERMAN, Eli B. Crime in New York: A Success Story [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://ropercenter.cornell.edu/sites/default/files/2018-07/84003.pdf.

SKOGAN, Wesley G., Susan M. HARTNETT, Natalie BUMP a Jill DUBOIS. Evaluation of CeaseFire-Chicago [online]. 2008 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/227181.pdf. Evaluace.

Soda Ban, Stop-and-Frisk, and a Third Term: Mike Bloomberg's Record as NYC Mayor [online]. In: . FEB. 06, 2020 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/politics/2020/02/06/michael-bloomberg-presidential-campaign-michael-bloomberg-record-nyc.

STOP-AND-FRISK DATA [online]. In: . [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.nyclu.org/en/stop-and-frisk-data.

STREICHER, Maxine. Sheila Dixon to run for mayor, says crime dropped when she was mayor before [online]. In: . Tuesday, December 17th 2019 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://foxbaltimore.com/news/city-in-crisis/sheila-dixon-to-run-for-mayor-says-crime-dropped-when-she-was-mayor-before.

TAYLOR, Maggie. Former Baltimore Mayor Kurt Schmoke: Ahead of his Time [online]. In: . FEBRUARY 19, 2014 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://drugpolicy.org/blog/former-baltimore-mayor-kurt-schmoke-ahead-his-time.

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The ‘Cure’ to Ending Violence in Baltimore. Aspen Institute [online]. DECEMBER 3, 2015 [cit. 2021-01-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.aspeninstitute.org/impact/cure-ending-violence-baltimore-2/.

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VALASIK, Matthew. Broken Windows Theory. Academia [online]. [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.academia.edu/35740827/Broken_Windows_Theory.

VEDANTAM, Shankar, Chris BENDEREV, Tara BOYLE, Renee KLAHR, Maggie PENMAN a Jennifer SCHMIDT. How A Theory Of Crime And Policing Was Born, And Went Terribly Wrong. In: Npr [online]. November 1, 2016 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.npr.org/2016/11/01/500104506/broken-windows-policing-and-the-origins-of-stop-and-frisk-and-how-it-went-wrong?t=1606066263633&t=1606391371442&t=1617291130866.

VESELÁ, Michaela. Community Policing [online]. [cit. 2020-10-29]. Dostupné z: https://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/community-policing.aspx.

WESTON, Seth. State Vs. Federal Criminal Charges: Why You Should Know The Difference [online]. Mar 15, 2020 [cit. 2021-4-24]. Dostupné z: https://scwestonlaw.com/difference-state-federal-criminal-charges/.

What Reduced Crime in New York City [online]. January 2013 [cit. 2021-04-01]. Dostupné z: https://www.nber.org/digest/jan03/what-reduced-crime-new-york-city.

WHO WE ARE: CURE VIOLENCE HISTORY [online]. [cit. 2020-11-16]. Dostupné z: https://cvg.org/who-we-are/.
Předběžná náplň práce
Bakalářská práce „Komparace aplikovaných politik a přístupů ve vybraných amerických městech v kontextu městské kriminality” se bude zabývat veřejnými politikami věnující se problematice městské kriminality ve vybraných amerických městech. Hlavní částí práce bude přiblížení situace v každém městě včetně implementace jednotlivých politik v daných městských oblastech a poté jejich následná komparace. V rámci každého města budou zpracována tři témata. Prvním bude nastínění historie v kontextu problematiky. Následná hlavní část v rámci každého města se bude zabývat již konkrétními politikami a jejich výsledky. Finální částí bude zpracování politického kontextu. Cílem následné komparace budou výsledky daných strategií napříč vymezenými městy společně s dopady a vlivem jednotlivých politik na pokles kriminality. Komparace bude také obsahovat celkové srovnání daných politik a jejich důsledky.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
The bachelor thesis "Comparison of applied policies and approaches in selected American cities in the context of urban crime" will deal with public policies addressing the issue of urban crime in selected American cities. The main part of the work will be an overview of the situation in each city, including the implementation of individual policies in the given urban areas and then their subsequent comparison. Within each city, three topics will be covered. The first will be an outline of history in the context of the issue. The subsequent main part within each city will deal with specific policies and their results. The final part will be devoted to the elaboration of the political context. The objectives of the subsequent comparison will be the results of the strategies across the defined cities, together with the impacts and influence of individual policies on the decline in crime. The comparison will also include an overall comparison of the policies and their implications.
 
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