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Examining the Growth of Private Military Contractors and their Applications in State Stability in Latin America
Název práce v češtině: Nárůst soukromých vojenských společností a jejích efekt na stabilitu států v Latinské Americe
Název v anglickém jazyce: Examining the Growth of Private Military Contractors and their Applications in State Stability in Latin America
Klíčová slova: civilně-vojenské vztahy, soukromé vojenské společnosti, válka v Iráku, Samuel Huntington, vojenské zařízení, dodavatelé bezpečnosti, Afghánistán, povstání, kontrarozvědka
Klíčová slova anglicky: civil-military relations, private military companies, Iraq War, Samuel Huntington, military establishment, security contractors, Afghanistan, insurgency, counterinsurgency
Akademický rok vypsání: 2018/2019
Typ práce: diplomová práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Katedra bezpečnostních studií (23-KBS)
Vedoucí / školitel: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 27.06.2019
Datum zadání: 27.06.2019
Datum a čas obhajoby: 24.09.2020 00:00
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:31.07.2020
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 24.09.2020
Oponenti: prof. Mgr. Oldřich Bureš, Ph.D., M.A.
Kontrola URKUND:
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Předběžná náplň práce
Soukromé vojenské společnosti rychle naplnily mnoho kapacit operačních sil, které národní militanti nyní již mají schopnosti nativně plnit. Jako takový, PMCs rozšířily jejich seznamy a jejich služby poskytované vyplňovat mnoho rolí, a vykonávali mnoho takových rolí takový jako vedení logistiky, osobní a bezpečnost místa a některé neodmyslitelně státní funkce takový jako trénink domorodých bezpečnostních sil a výslechu vězňů. Tento vzestup zasáhl národní armády v mnoha aspektech jejich činnosti a abstraktní profesní základny. Schopnost PMC provádět operace na stejném standardu jako běžní vojáci, ale s vyšší mzdou, ovlivnila to, jak běžný voják vnímá své vlastní místo v profesionální národní armádě, a způsobuje problémy celému zařízení. Tato práce se bude zabývat iráckou válkou jako případovou studií a dopadem PMC na válku, a také představí Huntingtonovské teorie profesionality a tělesnosti vojáků a použije také kritickou marxistickou perspektivu k analýze role a dopadu PMC v moderní vojenské úmluvy a v civilně-vojenských vztazích.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
Private military companies have rapidly filled in many operational force capacities that national militaries now longer have the capabilities to fill natively. As such, PMCs have expanded their rosters as well as their services provided to fill in many roles, and have carried out many such roles such as logistics management, personal and site security, and some inherently state functions such as training indigenous security forces and interrogation of prisoners. This rise has impacted national militaries in many facets of their operations and abstract professional bases. The ability of the PMC to carry out operations at the same standard as regular soldiers but with higher pay has impacted how the regular soldier views their own place in the professional national military, and creates problems for the establishment as a whole. This thesis will discuss the Iraq War as a case study and the impact of PMCs on the war, as well as introduce the Huntingtonian theories of soldier professionalism and corporateness, and will also employ a critical Marxist perspective to analyse the role and impact of PMCs in the modern military convention and in civil-military relations.
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