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Wage Discrimination in US Sports: Comparative Analysis
Název práce v češtině: Platová diskriminace v americkém sportu: Komparativní analýza
Název v anglickém jazyce: Wage Discrimination in US Sports: Comparative Analysis
Klíčová slova: Diskriminace, basketbal, fotbal, baseball, NBA, NFL, MLB, plat, rasismus.
Klíčová slova anglicky: Discrimination, basketball, football, baseball, NBA, NFL, MLB, wage, racism.
Akademický rok vypsání: 2017/2018
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)
Vedoucí / školitel: PhDr. Radek Janhuba, M.A., Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 04.06.2018
Datum zadání: 04.06.2018
Datum a čas obhajoby: 10.06.2019 09:00
Místo konání obhajoby: Opletalova - Opletalova 26, O105, Opletalova - místn. č. 105
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:06.05.2019
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 10.06.2019
Oponenti: Mgr. Jindřich Matoušek
Kontrola URKUND:
Seznam odborné literatury
Fryer, R. (2010). Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination. Handbook of Labor Economics, 4.

Ducking, J., Groothuis, P., & Hill, J. (2014). Compensation discrimination in the NFL: An analysis of career earnings. Applied Economics Letters (Vol. 21).

Groothuis, P. A., & Hill, J. R. (2013). Pay Discrimination, Exit Discrimination or Both? Another Look at an Old Issue Using NBA Data. Journal of Sports Economics, 14(2), 171–185

Holmes, P. (2011). New evidence of salary discrimination in major league baseball. Labour Economics, 18(3), 320–331.

Gordon, S. (2015). An Examination of Wage Discrimination in the NBA
Available at: http://thesportsquotient.com/nba/2015/5/19/an-examination-of-wage-discrimination-in-the-nba

The Institute for Diversity & Ethics in Sport, (2016).
Available at: http://www.tidesport.org/reports.html

Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., (2009): “Introductory econometrics: a modern approach.” 4th ed. Mason: Thomson/South- Western
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
Research question and motivation

Is there a place for wage discrimination as an example of irrational economic behavior in some of the most financially successful leagues in the world? And is there a difference in wage discrimination between leagues with African American majority (NFL, NBA) and MLB in which most teams are represented by non-African American players? (The Institute for Diversity & Ethics in Sport, 2016). The issue of salary discrimination in American sports industry is considered to be an immensely controversial topic as numerous studies conducted on the US top sports leagues provided us with fairly mixed results varying with respect to specific datasets and selected approach. The 25% premia for Hispanic and white players was revealed in the bottom quintile of MLB players (Holmes, 2011). Gordon (2015) claims that white players receive 13% higher base salary than their African American colleagues, but at the same time face a larger wage penalty when providing sub-average results. However, Hill et al (2014) based on NFL data concludes that players’ career earnings are determined solely by their performance and not their race. As the evidence is mixed, a proper analysis of the latest data could help us understand the phenomenon of salary discrimination in the US sports industry.


Recent research on wage discrimination in American professional sports leagues analyzed each league specifically. Applying the same methodology over multiple leagues at the same time we will perform a comparative analysis and consolidate the previous studies on the topic. We will investigate the tendency of wage discrimination across several major US sports leagues and try to reveal the pattern in the employers’ behavior.


Our analysis will rely on open data from MLB, NFL and NBA players’ wages and crucial performance statistics from the last seasons. For the purposes of our study we will create specific datasets relating to each league. In the theoretical part of our research we will review the existing literature on the topic in order to compare the previous results with the inference derived from our model. The empirical part of the research will be provided using econometric analysis applied on our datasets.


1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Theoretical Background
4. Data
5. Methodology and Model
6. Results
7. Conclusion
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