What are the determinants of youth happiness?
|Název práce v češtině:||What are the determinants of youth happiness?|
|Název v anglickém jazyce:||What are the determinants of youth happiness?|
|Klíčová slova anglicky:||Determinants of happiness, life satisfaction, Korean youth, ecological developments, gender differences, happiness index|
|Akademický rok vypsání:||2017/2018|
|Typ práce:||bakalářská práce|
|Ústav:||Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)|
|Vedoucí / školitel:||doc. PhDr. Julie Chytilová, Ph.D.|
|Řešitel:||skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem|
|Datum a čas obhajoby:||13.06.2018 09:00|
|Místo konání obhajoby:||Opletalova - Opletalova 26, O206, Opletalova - místn. č. 206|
|Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:||10.05.2018|
|Datum proběhlé obhajoby:||13.06.2018|
|Oponenti:||Arshad Hayat, M.Sc., Ph.D.|
|Seznam odborné literatury|
|A.EasterlinRichard. “Happiness and Growth the world over : TIme series Evidence on the Happiness and Income paradox.” “The institue for the study of labor”, 2009: 15.
AnandPaul. “The development and happiness of Very young children.” IZA, 2016.
Easterlin, R. A. "Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. Nations and households in economic growth." 1974. 90.
ElderE.Todd, GoddeerisH.John, HaiderJ.Steven. “Unexplained gaps and Oaxaca–Blinder decompositions.” “Labour Economics”, 2010: 284-290.
LayardR. “ Happiness: Lessons from a new science.” New York, USA: The Penguin Press., 2005.
National Youth Policy Institute. “Korean Children and Youth Panel Survery Data analysis Report 1.”
OECD. “Education policy outlook: Korea.” 2016 .
son sookyounghyungjunglee. “The effects of school learning activities and friendships on adolescents' life satisfaction : a longitudinal studying using a piecewise latent growth model.” Korea university, 2017.
|Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce|
In this thesis, it will examine the determinants of youth happiness in Korea. Korea has been one of the fastest growing OECD countries over the past decades. In just 25 years, the previously war-torn country has risen to become the world’s 12th largest economy. South Korea has also been noted for its substantial investment in education, which is considered an important driver of its rapid economic growth since 1945. The proportion of 25-34 year-olds that have obtained a tertiary education is about 69% (the OECD average is 42%) which is the highest percentage of all OECD countries. However, despite being one of world’s the fastest growing economies, since Korean War and the state’s considerable investment in education, Korea’s suicide rate has steadily risen as their economic conditions change. Richard Layard(2011) suggests that the increase in income in many countries does not directly correlate to life satisfaction. We will consider the psychological correlations that this economic growth has had on youth by comparing social capital, economic capital, their educational attainment, parental education level as well as gender in order to evaluate what determines youth happiness in Korea.
In four surveys from 1990 to 2005 conducted in South Korea, when GDP per capita had risen sharply about 5 percent per year but the life satisfaction showed a small drop. (Easterlin, 2009) According to Richard Easterlin research, there is no significant relationship between the enhancement of life satisfaction and the growth rate of GDP per capita for 17 developed countries and 9 developing countries. Numerous studies have shown that there is no significant relationship between income and happiness. Although adolescence is an important time of growth both physically and emotionally, there have not been many studies of the youth of Korea. Certainly, this is an area that requires more research, not only in regards the effects of household incomes and educational attainment but also of social capital. First, I will analyze the statistical correlations that family income and parental education level have on the teenager. Additionally, I will also estimate the correlation of subjective happiness associated with social capital, such as their family background, educational attainments, friendship and school violence using recent data.
1. There is a correlation between a high income of parents and children’s happiness.
2. Education attainment in school has a correlation with student’s happiness.
3. Parents’ upbringing style (abusive upbringing, permissive upbringing), friendship, school violence in class are correlated to student’s happiness.
4. Males and females react differently to the many determinants of youth happiness.
The National Youth Policy Institute(NYPI) surveyed 2351 adolescents for 7 years from 2010 through to 2016, by observing of Korean youth’s life such as life satisfaction, education goals, and health. For the empirical analysis, the cross-sectional data in 2015 is used.
2. Literature review
3. Theoretical argument
4. Data analysis of happiness determinants
5. Summary and conclusion