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Proaktivní pacifismus v japonské zahraniční politice
Název práce v češtině: Proaktivní pacifismus v japonské zahraniční politice
Název v anglickém jazyce: Proactive pacifism in Japan's foreign policy
Klíčová slova: Japonsko, proaktivní pacifismus, změna, kontinuita, reinterpretace článku 9, realismus, neoliberální institucionalismus, sociální konstruktivismus, post-strukturalismus
Klíčová slova anglicky: Japan, proactive pacifism, change, continuity, reinterpretation of Article 9, realism, neoliberal institutionalism, social constructivism, poststructuralism
Akademický rok vypsání: 2016/2017
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: čeština
Ústav: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Vedoucí / školitel: doc. Mgr. Michal Kolmaš, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 25.05.2017
Datum zadání: 25.05.2017
Datum a čas obhajoby: 10.06.2019 00:00
Místo konání obhajoby: Jinonice
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:10.05.2019
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 10.06.2019
Oponenti: PhDr. Bc. et Bc. Aleš Karmazin, M.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D.
 
 
 
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Předběžná náplň práce
Tato bakalářská práce nabízí komplexní empirické zhodnocení proaktivního pacifismu v japonské zahraniční politice v posledních letech vlády premiéra Abeho. Proaktivní pacifismus představuje velkou výzvu pro budoucí směřování Japonska. V akademických kruzích se vedou diskuze o tom, zda se Japonsko na základě Abeho reforem v posledních letech radikálně mění a opouští politiku poválečného pacifismu či je to pouze evoluční vývoj, který je stále silně omezen zakořeněnými sociálními a kulturními normami vycházející z pacifistické ústavy. Pro potřeby empirického zkoumání proaktivního pacifismu v japonské zahraniční politice byla stanovena tři kritéria změn – institucionální a legislativní změny, militaristické změny a společenské změny. Institucionální a legislativní kritérium ukázalo významné změny v japonském poválečném směřování. Vysílání japonských jednotek SDF do zahraničí není v posledních dekádách nic nového, ovšem uplatňování práva na kolektivní sebeobranu je významný krok. Používání zbraní v zahraničních misí je pro mnohé autory důkazem toho, že Japonsko opouští svůj poválečný pacifismus. Ovšem militaristické a společenské kritérium ukazují, že poválečný pacifismus politicko-zahraniční chování stále výrazně ovlivňuje. Japonsko se zdaleka ještě nepřetváří do role aktivního „normálního“ státu a proaktivní pacifismus proto nepředstavuje v zahraniční politice odklon od dosavadního kurzu.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
This bachelor thesis offers a complex empirical evaluation of proactive pacifism in Japanese foreign policy in the last years of Prime Minister Abe's government. Proactive pacifism represents a great challenge to Japan´s future direction. Scholars are debating whether Japan has radically changed in recent years under the Abe reforms and whether it abandons its policy of post-war pacifism, or whether it is only evolutionary development which is still strongly constrained by rooted social and cultural norms based on the pacifist constitution. For the needs of empirical analysis of proactive pacifism in Japanese foreign policy, three criteria have been established – 1) the legislative and the institutional criterion, 2) the militaristic criterion and 3) the social criterion. The institutional and the legislative criteria show significant change in the Japanese post-war development. Sending Japanese SDFs abroad is nothing new in the recent decades but exercising the right to collective self-defense is a major step. The use of weapons in foreign missions is for many authors a proof that Japan is abandoning its post-war pacifism. However, the militaristic and the social criteria showed that post-war pacifism still has a significant impact on political and foreign behavior. Japan is still far from being an active "normal" state, therefore the thesis proceeds to point towards the conclusion that proactive pacifism does not represent a major shift from the current course in foreign policy.
 
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