Témata prací (Výběr práce)Témata prací (Výběr práce)(verze: 290)
Detail práce
   Přihlásit přes CAS
Rethinking Corruption in the Czech Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach to a Systemic Problem
Název práce v češtině: .
Název v anglickém jazyce: Rethinking Corruption in the Czech Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach to a Systemic Problem
Klíčová slova: systemicka korupce, verejne zakazky, systemova teorie, smisene metody
Klíčová slova anglicky: systemic corruption, public procurement, systems theory, mixed-methods
Akademický rok vypsání: 2012/2013
Typ práce: disertační práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Katedra veřejné a sociální politiky (23-KVSP)
Vedoucí / školitel: doc. PhDr. Pavol Frič, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 10.12.2012
Datum zadání: 10.12.2012
Datum a čas obhajoby: 22.01.2018 00:00
Místo konání obhajoby: U Kříže 8, 158 00 Praha 5
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:27.11.2017
Datum odevzdání tištěné podoby:27.11.2017
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 22.01.2018
Oponenti: doc. Ing. Emília Sičáková Beblavá
  prof. Ing. Jan Pavel, Ph.D.
 
 
Seznam odborné literatury
Acemoglu, & Verdier, T. (2000). The Choice between Market Failures and Corruption. The American Economic Review, Vol. 90(No. 1), 194–211.
Administrative Units / Statistical Units - Eurostat. (n.d.). Retrieved July 25, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/gisco/geodata/reference-data/administrative-units-statistical-units
Alam, M. S. (1989). Anatomy of Corruption: An Approach to the Political Economy of Underdevelopment. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 48(4), 441–456.
Andras, S. (2002). Clientalism and Extortion: Corruption in Transition. In S. Kotkin (Ed.), Political Corruption in Transition: A Skeptic’s Handbook. Budapest, Hungary: Central European University Press.
Andresen, M. A., & Malleson, N. (2013). Spatial heterogeneity in crime analysis. In Crime modeling and mapping using geospatial technologies (pp. 3–23). Springer.
Ansell, C., & Gash, A. (2008). Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4), 543–571. https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/mum032
Baddeley, A., & Turner, R. (2005). Spatstat: an R package for analyzing spatial point patterns. Journal of Statistical Software, 12(6), 1–42.
Banuri, S., & Eckel, C. (2012). Chapter 3 Experiments in Culture and Corruption: A Review. In New advances in experimental research on corruption (pp. 51–76). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Bardhan, P. (1997). Corruption and development: a review of issues. Journal of Economic Literature, 35(3), 1320–1346.
Baru, R. V., & Nundy, M. (2008). Blurring of Boundaries: Public-Private Partnerships in Health Services in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 43(4), 62–71.
Bazeley, P. (2009). Integrating data analyses in mixed methods research. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.
Beke, M., & Cardona, F. (2013, September 16). Political and Other Forms of Corruption in the Attribution of Public Procurement Contracts and Allocation of EU Funds: Extent of the Phenomenon and Overview of Practices - Think Tank. Retrieved October 26, 2017, from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=IPOL-JOIN_ET(2013)490676
Beyerle, S. (2014). Curtailing Corruption: People Power for Accountability and Justice. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc.
Boyatzis, R. E. (1998). Transforming qualitative information: Thematic analysis and code development. Sage.
Bovis, C. H. (2013). EU Public Procurement Law (2 Rev ed.). Cheltenham: Elgar European Law Series.
Bozeman, B. (2004). All Organizations are Public: Comparing Public and Private Organizations. Washington: Beard Books.
Buckley, W. (1967). Sociology and modern systems theory.
Caiden, G. E., & Caiden, N. J. (1977). Administrative Corruption. Public Administration Review, 37(3), 301–309. https://doi.org/10.2307/974828
Cairney, P. (2012). Complexity Theory in Political Science and Public Policy. Political Studies Review, 10(3), 346–358. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-9302.2012.00270.x
Campos, E., & Pradham, S. (2007). The Many Faces of Corruption: Tracking Vulnerabilities at the Sector Level. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.
Carayannis, E. G., & Popescu, D. (2005). Profiling a methodology for economic growth and convergence: learning from the EU e-procurement experience for central and eastern European countries. Technovation, 25(1), 1–14.
Carey, J. M. (2000). Parchment, Equilibria, and Institutions. Comparative Political Studies, 33(6–7), 735–761. https://doi.org/10.1177/001041400003300603
Chvalkovská, J., & Skuhrovec, J. (2010). Measuring transparency in public spending: Case of Czech public e-procurement information system. IES Working Paper.
CoST (2012), Press Release, accessed online on 10 October 2017 at
http://www.constructiontransparency.org/documentdownload.axd?documentresourceid=8
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Choosing a Mixed Methods Design. In Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 4th Edition (4th edition, pp. 58–89). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Czech Statistical Office. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2017, from https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/home
Dahlström, Carl, Jan Teorell, Stefan Dahlberg, Felix Hartmann, Annika Lindberg, and Marina Nistotskaya. 2015. The QoG Expert Survey Dataset II. University of Gothenburg: The Quality of Government Institute
Daron Acemoglu and Thierry Verdier. (1998). Property Rights, Corruption and the Allocation of Talent: A General Equilibrium Approach. The Economic Journal, Vol. 108(No. 450), 1381–1403.
Delavallade, C. (2006). Corruption and Distribution of Public Spendingin Developing Countries. Journal of Economics and Finance, 30(2).
della Porta, D., & Vannucci, A. (2005). Corruption as a Normative System. In International Conference on Corruption Control in Political Life and a Quality of Democracy: A Comparative Perspective Europe–Latin America, CIES–ISCTE. http://home. iscte-iul. pt/~ ansmd/CC-DellaPorta. pdf.
della Porta, D., & Vannucci, A. (2012). The hidden order of corruption: An institutional approach. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Everitt, B. S., Landau, S., Leese, M., & Stahl, D. (2011). An Introduction to Classification and Clustering. Cluster Analysis, 5th Edition, 1–13.
Eurostat. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/structural-business-statistics/structural-business-statistics/sme. Accessed July 1, 2015
Faccio, M. (2006). Politically connected firms. The American Economic Review, 369–386.
Fielding, N. G. (2012). Triangulation and Mixed Methods Designs: Data Integration With New Research Technologies. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), 124–136. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689812437101
Fisman, R., & Miguel, E. (2008). Economic Gangsters: Corruption, Violence, and the Poverty of Nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Fjelde, H., & Hegre, H. (2014). Political corruption and institutional stability. Studies in Comparative International Development, 49(3), 267–299.
Freeman, L. C., Freeman, S. C., & Michaelson, A. G. (1988). On human social intelligence. Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 11(4), 415–425.
Frič, P. (2011). Czech Elites and Citizens as Part of a Public Accountability System. New York: Routledge.
Gawthorpe (2014). Retrieved from http://www.fletcherforum.org/home/2016/9/7/why-anti-corruption-will-fail-in-the-czech-republic
Goldstein, J. (1999). Emergence as a construct: History and issues. Emergence, 1(1), 49–72.
Granovetter, M. (2005). The impact of social structure on economic outcomes. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19(1), 33–50.
Grødeland, Å. B., & Aasland, A. (2011). Fighting Corruption in Public Procurement in Post-Communist States: Obstacles and Solutions. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 44(1), 17–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2011.01.004
Grzymała-Busse, A. (2006). The Discreet Charm of Formal Institutions Postcommunist Party Competition and State Oversight. Comparative Political Studies, 39(3), 271–300.
Gupta, S., Davoodi, H., & Alonso-Terme, R. (1998). Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty? Working Paper of the International Monetary Fund, (WP/98/76).
Gupta, S., de Mello, L., & Sharan, R. (2000). Corruption and Military Spending. International Monetary Fund, (WP/00/23).
Hellman, J., Jones, G., & Kaufmann, D. (2000). “Seize the State, Seize the Day” State Capture, Corruption and Influence in Transition. The World Bank, 1–45.
Hellman, J., & Kaufmann, D. (2002, December). The Inequality of Influence. The World Bank. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/pdf/inequality_influence.pdf
Hodge, G. A., & Greve, C. (2007). Public–Private Partnerships: An International Performance Review. Public Administration Review, 67(3), 545–558. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2007.00736.x
Hopkin, J. (2006). Conceptualizing Political Clientelism: Political Exchange and Democratic Theory. In APSA annual meeting, Philadelphia (Vol. 31, pp. 46–18).
Huxham, C., Vangen, S., Huxham, C., & Eden, C. (2000). The Challenge of Collaborative Governance. Public Management: An International Journal of Research and Theory, 2(3), 337–358. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719030000000021
Hughes, B. B., Joshi, D. K., Moyer, J. D., Sisk, T. D., & Solorzano, J. R. (2014). Strengthening Governance Globally: Forecasting the Next 50 Years (1 edition). Boulder, CO: Routledge.
Imboden, D. M., & Pfenninger, S. (2012). Introduction to systems analysis: mathematically modeling natural systems. Springer Science & Business Media.
Johnston, M. (1998). Fighting Systemic Corruption: Social Foundations for Institutional Reform. The European Journal of Development Research, 10(1), 85–104.
Johnston, M. (2005). The Syndrome of Corruption: Wealth, Power, and Democracy. Cambridge University Press.
Kahle, D., & Wickham, H. (2013). ggmap: Spatial Visualization with ggplot2. The R Journal, 5(1), 144–161.
Karklins, R. (2002). Typology of Post-Communist Corruption. Problems of Post Communism, 49(4), 22–32.
Kennedy, D. (1999). The International Anti-Corruption Campaign. Connecticut Journal of International Law, 14, 455–631.
Klijn, E.-H. (2002). Governing Networks in the Hollow State: Contracting out, Process Management or a Combination of the Two? Public Management Review, 4(2), 149–165. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616670210130516
Klíma, M. (2013). Koncept klientelistické strany. Případová studie–Česká republika. Politologický Časopis-Czech Journal of Political Science, (3), 215–235.
Klíma, M. (2016). Business Firm Parties and Clientelism in Post-Communist Czech Republic.
Krastev, I. (2002). The Inflexibility Trap: Frustrated Societies, Weak States and Democracy. United Nations Development Programme.
Kroszner, R. S., & Stratmann, T. (1998). Interest-Group Competition and the Organization of Congress: Theory and Evidence from Financial Services’ Political Action Committees. The American Economic Review, 88(5), 1163–1187.
Krueger, A. O. (1974). The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society. The American Economic Review, 291–303.
Lennerfors, T. T. (2008). The Vicissitudes of Corruption: Degeneration, Transgression, Jouissance. Stockholm, Sweden: Ram Distribution.
Mauro, P. (1995). Corruption and Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(3), 681–712.
Mauro, P. (1998). Corruption and the Composition of Goverment Expenditure. Journal of Public Economics, (69), 263–279.
Meadows, D. H., & Wright, D. (2008). Thinking in systems: A primer. chelsea green publishing.
Mendes, M., & Fazekas, M. (2017, May 19). DIGIWHIST Recommendations for the Implementation of Open Public Procurement Data: An Implementer‘s Guide. Digiwhist. Retrieved from https://opentender.eu/blog/assets/downloads/digiwhist_implementers_guide.pdf
Michael, B. (2004). Explaining organizational change in international development: the role of complexity in anti-corruption work. Journal of International Development, 16(8), 1067–1088. https://doi.org/10.1002/jid.1126
Milward, H. B., & Provan, K. (2003). Managing the Hollow State Collaboration and Contracting. Public Management Review, 5(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461667022000028834
Minow, M. (2003). Public and Private Partnerships: Accounting for the New Religion. Harvard Law Review, 1229–1270.
Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2006). Europeanization without decommunization: a case of elite conversion. In Conference on Waves and Troughs of Post Communist Transitions: What Role for External versus Domestic Variables (pp. 26–28).
Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2016). Learning from virtuous circles. Journal of Democracy, 27(1), 95–109.
North, D. C. W. (n.d.). Limited Access Orders In The Developing World : A New Approach To The Problems Of Development. Retrieved from https://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/abs/10.1596/1813-9450-4359
OECD (2013). Government at a Glance 2013 (1st ed.). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD.
Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Collins, K. M. (2007). A typology of mixed methods sampling designs in social science research. The Qualitative Report, 12(2), 281–316.
Palanský, M. (2016, June 22). The Value of Political Connections: Evidence from the Czech Republic. Univerzita Karlova: Fakulta sociálních věd (FSV). Retrieved from https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/detail/166163/
Pavel, J. (2012). The Situation in the Public Procurement  Market in Post-Communist Countries: The Case of the Czech Republic. International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences. Retrieved from https://www.waset.org/journals/ijems/v6/v6-58.pdf
Pavel, J., & Sičáková-Beblavá, E. (2013). Do E-Auctions Realy Improve the Efficiency of Public Procurement? The Case of the Slovak Municipalities. Prague Economic Papers, 2013(1), 111–124.
Pavol, F. (2008). The Bright and Dark Side of Informal Networks in Post-Communist Society. Sociological Review, 44(2), 295–319.
Persson, A., Rothstein, B., & Teorell, J. (2013). Why Anticorruption Reforms Fail—Systemic Corruption as a Collective Action Problem. Governance, 26(3), 449–471. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0491.2012.01604.x
Pizzorno, A. (1971). Political sociology: selected readings. Penguin Books.
Potůček, M. (2005). Strategic Governance in Central and Eastern Europe: from Concepts to Reality. ELMS, 87.
Pranab Bardhan. (1997). Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues. Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 35(No. 3), 1320–1346.
Radio (2011). http://www.radio.cz/en/section/curraffrs/blanka-tunnel-to-go-at-least-10-billion-crowns-over-budget
Rhodes, R. a. W. (1996). The New Governance: Governing without Government. Political Studies, 44(4), 652–667. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1996.tb01747.x
Ripley, B. (1988). Statistical Inference for Spatial Processes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511624131
Rothstein, B. (2011). Anti-Corruption: the Indirect ‘Big Bang’Approach. Review of International Political Economy, 18(2), 228–250.
Rothstein, B., & Teorell, J. (2008). What Is Quality of Government? A Theory of Impartial Government Institutions. Governance, 21(2), 165–190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0491.2008.00391.x
Sandholtz, W., & Koetzle, W. (2000). Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democracy, and Trade. International Studies Quarterly, 44(1), 31–50. https://doi.org/10.1111/0020-8833.00147
Sampson, S. (2010). The Anti-Corruption Industry: from Movement to Institution. Global Crime, 11(2), 261–278. https://doi.org/10.1080/17440571003669258
Simral, V. (2016). Changes in the Czech Party System through the Lens of Political-Party Accounting. SOCIOLOGICKY CASOPIS-CZECH SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW, 52(5), 679–707.
Skuhrovec, J., Vítězslav, T., & Palanský, M. (2015, January 12). ANALYSIS OF CZECH POLITICAL PARTY DONATIONS. Retrieved from http://cae.zindex.cz/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/2015-01-12-Analysis-of-Czech-Political-Party-Donations.pdf
Scott, J. C. (1972). Comparative political corruption. Prentice Hall.
Sonnenschein, J., & Ray, J. (2013, October 18). Government Corruption Viewed as Worldwide Problem. Gallup World. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/165476/government-corruption-viewed-pervasive-worldwide.aspx
State capture. (2011, November 2). The Economist. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2011/11/czech-politics
Stefes, C. H. (2007). Measuring, Conceptualizing, and Fighting Systemic Corruption: Evidence from Post-Soviet Countries. Perspectives on Global Issues, 2(1), 1–16.
Stewart, J., & Ayres, R. (2001). Systems theory and policy practice: An exploration. Policy Sciences, 34(1), 79–94.
Tanzi, V., & Davoodi, H. (1997). Corruption, Public Investment, and Growth. Working Paper of the International Monetary Fund, (WP/97/139). Retrieved from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/wp97139.pdf
Tanzi, V., & Davoodi, H. (2000). Corruption, Growth, and Public Finances. International Monetary Fund, (WP/00/182).
Tanzi, V., & Davoodi, H. (2002). Corruption, Growth, and Public Finances. In Political Economy of Corruption (Vol. 2, pp. 89–110). Routledge.
Treisman, D. (2000). The Causes of Corruption: a Cross-National Study. Journal of Public Economics, 76(3), 399–457.
Tullock, G. (1996). Corruption Theory and Practice. Contemporary Economic Policy, 14(3), 6–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7287.1996.tb00619.x
UNCITRAL Model Law on Public Procurement. (2011, July 1). Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/procurem/ml-procurement-2011/2011-Model-Law-on-Public-Procurement-e.pdf
Vannucci, A. (2011). The Informal Institutions of Corruption A Typology of Governance Mechanisms and Anti-Corruption Policies (Working Paper No. 3). Scuola Superiore di Pubblica Amministrazione. Retrieved from http://integrita.sspa.it/wpcontent/ uploads/2011/04/sspa_papern3_Vannucci.pdf
von Maravic, P. (2012). Limits of knowing or the consequences of difficult-access problems for multi-method research and public policy. Policy Sciences, 45(2), 153–168.
Voth, H.-J., & Ferguson, T. (2008). Betting on Hitler: The Value of Political Connections in Nazi Germany. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Forthcoming, Vol. 123(1), 101–137.
Wedel, J. R. (2012). Rethinking Corruption in an Age of Ambiguity. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 8(1), 453–498. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.093008.131558
Yakovlev, A. (2006). The evolution of business–state interaction in Russia: From state capture to business capture? Europe-Asia Studies, 58(7), 1033–1056.
Předběžná náplň práce
Systemická korupce je běžný vědecký pojem, nicméně chybí shoda ohledně významu tohoto termínu stejně jako důsledná analýza tohoto tématu. Tento nedostatek ve výzkumu představuje prostor pro analýzu tohoto tématu systemické korupce, jež stojí proti směru, který se zaměřuje na jednotlivce. Cílem této práce je rozšíření koncepčního rozsahu výzkumu systemické korupce s využitím “pattern-to-process” smíšených metod. Jádrem metodologie tohoto výzkumu je kombinování empirických dat ze sektoru veřejných zakázek umožňujících analýzu tzv. „spatio-temporal“ vzorů síťového chování s popisem procesu díky hloubkovým pohovorům. Výsledky empirického výzkumu dokazují statisticky významný rozdíl mezi výhrami ve veřejných zakázkách firem, které vykazují znaky politického vlivu od těch, jež nikoliv. Tato práce operacionalizuje termín politického vlivu jako korupci, kdy by veřejní úředníci nevykonali stejné rozhodnutí bez speciálního zvážení politického přičlenění, příspěvku nebo síťového napojení. Po izolování vysvětlujících faktorů firemní kompetence data odhalují, že firmy s charakteristikami vlivu vyhrávají významně častěji, stejně tak tyto firmy častěji shodují v typu vykonávané produkce. Užití “geospatial cluster” analýzy ve spojení s výsledky šetření odhaluje vlivové skupiny jako takové, jež upevňují přednostní výhody skrz politické úředníky a zajišťují opakované vyhrávání napojováním se na menší vládní úřady mimo hustě obydlené regiony. Opakující se vzory v analýze nezávislé na specifickém čase či místě poukazují na existenci charakteristik, které jsou vice vhodné pro koncept systemické korupce. Výsledky tohoto výzkumu mohou sloužit k tvořbě udržitelné intervenční strategie a být využitelné pro politiky, kteří se snaží správně pochopit typ současné korupce nad rámec řešení jednotlivých případů.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
Systemic corruption is a common term amongst scholars and practitioners, yet there is sparse conceptual agreement and substantive analysis within the discourse. Regardless of the current deficit, there is considerable pioneering space and advantages to contrast against the overwhelming emphasis on individuals. This paper aims to broaden the conceptual scope of systemic corruption research through a pattern-to-process mixed-methods design. The design combines empirical data from the public procurement sector analyzing the spatiotemporal patterns of network behavior with a descriptive account of processes from in-depth interviews. The empirical approach statistically distinguishes the performance differentials of public procurement awards amongst firms that exhibit the characteristics of political influence from those that do not. This paper operationalizes that political influence is corruption when a public official would not have made the same decision without the special consideration of political affiliation, contribution, or network connection. After stripping away explanatory factors for firm competence, the data reveals that firms with influence characteristics win substantially more and more often performing similar work. The usage of geospatial cluster analysis, in conjunction with field interviews, reveals that influence networks forge preferential advantages through political officials and secure repeat wins by engaging with smaller government office sizes outside of densely populated regions. The reoccurring patterns, independent of one specific time or place, suggests characteristics more suitable for the concept of systemic corruption. This framework will be of utility for policymakers to improve their vantage point perspective beyond case-by-case individual instances for sustainable intervention strategies.
 
Univerzita Karlova | Informační systém UK