Genuine progress indicator and other alternative measures of economic development: First estimates for the Czech Republic
|Název práce v češtině:||Genuine Progress Indicator a další alternativní ukazatele ekonomického rozvoje: První odhady pro Českou republiku|
|Název v anglickém jazyce:||Genuine progress indicator and other alternative measures of economic development: First estimates for the Czech Republic|
|Klíčová slova anglicky:||genuine progress indicator, welfare, measuring well-being, gross national product, alternative indicators of economic growth, index of sustainable economic welfare|
|Akademický rok vypsání:||2011/2012|
|Typ práce:||bakalářská práce|
|Ústav:||Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)|
|Vedoucí / školitel:||doc. Petr Janský, M.Sc., Ph.D.|
|Řešitel:||skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem|
|Datum a čas obhajoby:||19.06.2013 00:00|
|Místo konání obhajoby:||IES|
|Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:||16.05.2013|
|Datum proběhlé obhajoby:||19.06.2013|
|Oponenti:||Mgr. Bc. Tomáš Janotík|
|Seznam odborné literatury|
|Talberth J. Cobb C. Slattery N. The Genuine Progress Indicator 2006 – A tool for sustainable development. Redefing progres. 2007.
Hamilton C. Saddler H. The Genuine Progress Indicator, A new index of changes in well-being in Australia. The Australia institute. 1997. No 14. ISSN 1322-5421.
Daly H, Coby C. For the common good : redirecting the economy toward community, the environment, and a sustainble future. Beacon press, 1994, Boston. ISBN 0-8070-4705-8
Costanza R. Erickson J. Fligger K. Adams A.Adams C. Altschuler B. Balter S. Fisher B. Hike J. Kelly J. Kerr T. McCauley M Montone K. Rauch M. Schmiedeskamp K Saxton D. Sparacino. L Tusinskic W. Williams L. (2004) Estimates of the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) for Vermont, Chittenden County and Burlington, from 1950 to 2000 Ecological Economics. nb 51. 2003
Costanza R. Sven E. Understanding and solving environmental problems in the 21st century : toward a new, integrated hard problem science. 1st ed.. -- Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2002.ISBN 0-08-044111-4
Anielski M. Measuring the sustainability of nations: The genuine progress indicator systém of sustainable wellbeing accounts. Pembina Institute for Appropriate Development Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Redefining progress. 2001.
The regional council of the PÄIJÄT-HÄME .Measuring sustainable well-being on sub-national level with Genuine Progress Indicator(GPI) in Finland. 2011. ISBN 978-951-637-193-4 .
Lawn P.A. A theoretical foundation to support the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW), Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), and other related indexes. Ecological economics. 2003.
Neumayer E. On the methodology of ISEW, GPI and related measures: some constructive suggestions and some doubt on the ‘threshold’ hypothesi. Ecological economics. nb 34. 2000.
Stiglitz E. J. Sen A. Fitoussi. J. Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress.
Fleurbaey M. Beyond GDP: The Quest for a Measure of Social Welfare. Journal of economic literature, Vol. 47, No. 4 (December 2009), pp. 1029-1075.
|Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce|
|Measuring and forecasting an economic growth is an important part of economic theory. Nowadays the most used indicator of economic growth all over the world is Gross domestic product (GDP) and Gross national product (GNP). However, in growing discussion about environmental problems, sustainability and general welfare of population, there are alternative indicators, which can be better suited for measuring economic growth.
What are the main alternative indicators and why can they be better than GDP?
Among the most important alternative indicators are genuine progress indicator (GPI), index of sustainable economic welfare (ISEW), green national product (GNP) and human development index (HDI).
GDP measures an output of economy without consideration of an impact of its production. Every monetary transaction increases GDP and common believe is, that higher GDP automatically increases welfare of society. However not every monetary transaction is desirable, for example protection against crime increases GDP, but with absolute certainty we can say, that higher crime doesn’t increase welfare. GDP also does not calculate with pollution of environment and many steps, that lead to higher outcome cause damage to environment. These are only few reasons why in recent years there is a criticism of GDP and growing need to discover some new indicators, which will take in account more than just raw production and because of that, they will be better suited for measuring development and general well-being of society. In my theses, I will introduce the most important alternative indicators (GIP, ISEW, GNP, HDI and other) and compare their theoretical background in order to reveal biggest weaknesses and advantages.
What are the components of GPI?
GPI consists of twenty-six components divided into three groups: Economical components, social components and environmental components. Economical components are Weighted Personal Consumption (computed by Personal Consumption and Income Distribution Index), Net Capital Investment, Net Foreign Borrowing, Cost of Underemployment, Cost of Consumer Durables, Services of Consumer Durables.
Social components are Value of Household Work and Parenting, Value of Higher Education, Value of Volunteer Work, Services of Highways and Streets, Cost of Crime, Loss of Leisure Time, Cost of Commuting, Cost of Automobile Accidents.
Environmental are: Cost of Household Pollution Abatement, Cost of Water Pollution, Cost of Air Pollution, Cost of Noise Pollution, Loss of Wetlands, Loss of Farmland, Loss of Primary Forests and Damage from Logging Roads, Depletion of Non-renewable Energy Resources, Carbon Dioxide Emissions Damage and Cost of Ozone Depletion.
For some of these components may not be sufficient data and because GPI was created in USA, there can be few components that are not that significant for Czech Republic. In my theses, I will attend to every component individually and compute or approximate them using data from Czech statistical office, Eurostat and other institutions that collect data significant for my theses.
How is Czech Republic doing?
GPI is computed as a sum of all components mentioned above, where some are positive and other negative. I will compute GPI for Czech Republic and compare it with its GDP. GPI was also created for several countries for example some states of USA, some provinces of Canada, Australia, Finland, so there can be comparison between GPI of Czech Republic and these countries.
2. Alternative indicators and their comparison
3. Analysing and computing individual components of GPI
4. Creating GPI for Czech Republic
5. Comparing GPI with other countries and GDP