The aspects of neo-Ottomanism in the Turkish foreign policies toward Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo
|Název práce v češtině:|
|Název v anglickém jazyce:||The aspects of neo-Ottomanism in the Turkish foreign policies toward Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo|
|Klíčová slova anglicky:||turkey, neo-ottomanism, foreign policy, balkans, albania, bosnia and herzegovina, kosovo, davutoglu, akp, heritage, economy, european union, muslim, interview, strategic depth, eu membership|
|Akademický rok vypsání:||2010/2011|
|Typ práce:||diplomová práce|
|Ústav:||Katedra mezinárodních vztahů (23-KMV)|
|Vedoucí / školitel:||prof. PhDr. Emil Aslan, Ph.D.|
|Řešitel:||skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem|
|Datum a čas obhajoby:||20.06.2011 00:00|
|Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:||18.05.2011|
|Datum proběhlé obhajoby:||20.06.2011|
|Oponenti:||Mgr. Kamil Pikal|
|Seznam odborné literatury|
|Nachmani, A. (2003) Turkey: Facing a New Millenium. Manchester: Manchester University Press
Yavuz, H. M. (2003) Islamic Political Identity in Turkey. New York: Oxford University Press
Aydin, M. & Ifantis, K. eds (2004) Turkish-Greek Relations: The Security Dilemma in the Aegean. London: Routledge
Lewis, B. (1968) The Emergence of Modern Turkey. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Mayall, S. V. (1997) Turkey: Thwarted Ambition. Washington: Institute for National Strategic Studies
Birtek, F. & Dragonas, T. (2005) Citizenship and the Nation-State in Greece and Turkey. London: Routledge
Deliso, C. (2007) The Coming Balkan Caliphate. Westport: Praeger Security International.
Rabasa, A. & Larrabee, F. S. (2008) The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey. Santa Monica: RAND
Cizre, Ü. (2008) Secular and Islamic Politics in Turkey. London: Routledge
Eligür, B. (2010) The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gordon, P. H. & Taspinar, O. (2008) Winning Turkey. Washington D.C: Brookings Institution Press
Chubin, S.; Green, D. J. & Lesser, I. O. (2001) Turkish Society and Foreign Policy in Troubled Times. Santa Monica: RAND
Karasipahi, S. (2009) Muslims in Modern Turkey. Kemalism, Modernism and the Revolt of the Islamic Intellectuals. London: I.B. Tauris
Jenkins, G. (2008) Political Islam in Turkey: Running West, Heading East? New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Forbes, N.; Toynbee, A. J.; Mitrany, D. & Hogarth D. G. (1915?) The Balkans: A History of Bulgaria-Serbia-Greece-Rumania-Turkey
Altunisik, M. B. & Tür, Ö. (2005) Turkey: Challenges of continuity and change. London: Routledge
Tassinari, F. (2009) Why Europe Fears Its Neighbors? Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO
Bozdaglioglu, Y. (2003) Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity. London: Routledge
Cagaptay, S. (2006) Islam, Secularism and Nationalism in Modern Turkey. London: Routledge
Larrabee, F. S. & Lesser, I. O. (2003) Turkish Foreign Policy in an Age of Uncertainty. Santa Monica: RAND
Safran, W. ed (2003) The Secular and the Sacred: Nation, Religion and Politics. London: Frank Cass Publishers
Ugur, M. & Canefe, N. (2004) Turkey and European Integration: Accession prospects and issues. London: Routledge
|Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce|
|Research Question: Why and how did Turkish foreign policy – with the rise of the AKP and the appearance of several aspects of Neo-Ottomanism – changed since 2002 regarding the specified countries and what could be the result of all these changes?
Issues: The European Union and US oriented Turkish foreign policy went through radical changes after the end of the Cold War, the country’s foreign relations became more diversificated with great focus on the Balkans too. Because of Turkey’s close historical, cultural, economic and political ties with Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo and these countries in a manner being a gateway to Europe for Turkey, it is important to explore the motives and new tendencies of Turkish foreign policy directed to these countries. These three countries have a strong Ottoman heritage, Muslim population and used to be the core areas of the Ottoman Empire. The appearance of Neo-Ottomanism – some would argue that this is just a “pragmatic” and “realistic” notion but I would stick to Neo-Ottomanism – and all its characteristics (e.g. “strategic depth”, although Ahmet Davutoglu Turkish FM refuses to use the term Neo-Ottomanism) are the leading approach towards this area today; the governing Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) and its politicians role are also the main focus here.
Key issues will contain the increasing political activity of Turkey in the region, also regarding the phenomena when Turkey steps up as a mediator in several topics and a country which seeks to stabilise security in the area. The attempts of helping these countries to settle some conflicts with neighbouring states in the area will be also put under scrutiny and attached to the question. Besides the increasing political activity my focus would also be directed towards the strenghtening economic ties, the ascendent Turkish investments in the region which are one of the main driving factos of Turkey’s renewed approach.
Great emphasis will be put on the topic of European integration of Turkey which the country partly seeks to achieve through a stronger presence in these three countries and establishing many ties with nations in the region plus gathering “friendly nations” around itself to support its EU integration process.
I plan to conduct interviews with Turkish professors teaching in these three countries, Turkey and even in the EU regarding this question and also with journalists, analysts dealing with Southeastern Europe so I could contribute to this issue with a wider variety of opinions, a broader perspective on the whole topic.
Analysis: There has been some presumptions that Turkish Foreign Policy follows a route which does not require the EU membership to achieve its aims in the region and Turkey is just showing a pragmatic face to these nations based on previous contacts. It is thought that Turkey is trying to establish itself as a global player in the world and this increased activity in these three countries is a part of this process and also strenghtening those ties which were cut off after the break-up of the Ottoman Empire. On the other hand there are some opinions which say that Turkey as an individual player could not stand globally and the reason why Turkey being active in the area is to strenghten its position before entering the EU. The reaction of these three states favours Turkish activity – however other states in the region observe Turkish activities suspiciously – and I will also explore the reasons of this.
Conclusion: The thesis aims to discover the background of the above mentioned themes and give a complete and complex answer for the recent Turkish activity and the roots and consequences of the Neo-Ottoman approach in the region. Although the research question points to some really sensitive topics for Turkey and for Europe (e.g EU-membership) and the exact, clear answer may could not be found but I will try to provide an adequate view on the matter.