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Nejaktivnější období britské Kampaně za jaderné odzbrojení
Název práce v češtině: Nejaktivnější období britské Kampaně za jaderné odzbrojení
Název v anglickém jazyce: British Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in Its Prime
Klíčová slova: jaderné zbraně, jaderné odzbrojení, protestní hnutí, studená válka, Kampaň za jaderné odzbrojení, Británie, Spojené království
Klíčová slova anglicky: nuclear weapons, nuclear disarmament, protest movement, anti-nuclear movement, Cold War, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, CND, Britain, United Kingdom
Akademický rok vypsání: 2009/2010
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: čeština
Ústav: Katedra evropských studií (23-KZS)
Vedoucí / školitel: Mgr. Jan Váška, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 22.12.2010
Datum zadání: 22.12.2010
Datum a čas obhajoby: 15.06.2011 00:00
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:18.05.2011
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 15.06.2011
Oponenti: doc. PhDr. Vít Smetana, Ph.D.
Seznam odborné literatury
Primární zdroje

1983 Labour Party Manifesto. Dostupné online:
http://www.labour-party.org.uk/manifestos/1983/1983-labour-manifesto.shtml (ověřeno k: 30. 4. 2011).

Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (Public Law 585, 79th Congress). Dostupné online: http://www.osti.gov/atomicenergyact.pdf (ověřeno k: 11. 4. 2011).

House of Commons. Second report from the Defence Committee. Session 1983-84. The physical security of military installations in the United Kingdom. Together with the minutes of proceedings of the committee relating to the report; and part of the minutes of evidence taken before the committee on 11 and 30 April, 1, 9, 15, 16 and 17 May and 5 and 6 June, 1984, with appendices. Volume I. Report and minutes of proceedings. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1983/1984, HC 397.

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. Dostupné online:
http://www.armscontrol.org/documents/inf (ověřeno k: 21. 4. 2011).

Report of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis for the year 1958. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1958–1959, Cmnd. 800, XVIII.931.

Report of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis for the year 1959. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1959–1960, Cmnd. 1106, XX.219.

Report of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis for the year 1960. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1960–1961, Cmnd. 1440, XX.233.

Report of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis for the year 1961. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1961-1962, Cmnd. 1765, XX.413.

Report of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis for the year 1983. In: 20th Century House of Commons Sessional Papers, 1983/1984, Cmnd. 9268.

Report of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of atomic radiation. General Assembly Official Records: Thirteenth session Supplement No. 17 (A/3838).
New York, 1958. Dostupné online:
http://www.unscear.org/docs/reports/1958,%2013th%20session%20%28Suppl.%20No.17%29/1958final-1_unscear.pdf (ověřeno k: 11. 4. 2011).

Treaty banning nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water. Dostupné online: http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/library/treaties/partial-test-ban/trty_partial-test-ban_1963-10-10.htm (ověřeno k: 12. 4. 2011).

The treaty of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Dostupné online: http://www.un.org/en/conf/npt/2005/npttreaty.html (ověřeno k: 20. 4. 2011).

Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof. Dostupné online:
http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/library/treaties/seabed/trty_seabed_1972-05-18.htm (ověřeno k: 20. 4. 2011).

UN Resolution 502 (1982). Dostupné online:
http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/435/26/IMG/NR043526. pdf?OpenElement (ověřeno k: 21. 4. 2011).

Joint U.S. – Soviet Statement. Office of the White House Press Secretary. Vladivostok (U.S.S.R.), November 24, 1974. Dostupné online:
http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/exhibits/vladivostok/jstatement.pdf (ověřeno k: 3. 5. 2011).

FABER, Mient Jan. E-mailová korespondence s autorkou, 9. května 2011.

MASSEY, Luke. E-mailová korespondence s autorkou, 13. dubna 2011.

Dobový tisk

60,000 in bomb protest demonstration: Smooth control of crowds at end of Aldermaston march. The Times, 19. dubna 1960.

73 in custody after rocket base protest. The Times, 4. ledna 1960.

Aldermaston: from a tumult to a trickle. The Times, 30. března 1972.

Aldermaston march ends in protest of silence. The Times, 24. dubna 1962.

A new poll undertaken by Gallup for CND reveals that 44% of those questioned said Britain should abandon its nuclear deterrent whatever other countries do. The Guardian, 15. září 1986.

An Interview with Mikhail Gorbachev. Time, 9. září 1985. Dostupné online:
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,959753,00.html (ověřeno k: 21. 4. 2011).

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament: Mr. Priestley Speaks of Press “Boycott”. The Times, 24. února 1958.

Canon Collins resigns as C.N.D. chairman. The Times, 10. dubna 1964.

H-bomb test soldier sues ministry over cancer / Damages claimed after exposure to tests on Christmas Island. The Times, 15. listopadu 1986.

Lennon plea for peace at CND rally. The Times, 30. března 1970.

Minister denies C.N.D. influence on policy. The Times, 14. července 1965.

Mr. Gaitskell defeated on nuclear arms issue in five-hour Labour debate, The Times, 6. října 1960.

Nuclear fears put to women M.P.s: Campaign group at the House. The Times, 11. prosince 1958.

The Conservative Party is claiming that CND is in breach of the 1949 Representation of the People Act in respect of its election activities. The Guardian, 17. května 1983.

The Guardian has looked at the activities of the Coalition for Peace Through Security, a small Right-Wing pressure group which aims to combat the popular appeal of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. The Guardian, 14. února 1983.

The Times Diary: CND out in the cold. The Times, 19. května 1987.

The Times Diary: Howe’s that? / Foreign Secretary’s son’s CND membership. The Times, 2. července 1985.

COWTON, Rodney. CND rally numbers disputed. The Times, 4. listopadu 1985.

JONES, Tim. Star Wars campaign. The Times, 29. května 1987.

HOYLE, Russ; WHITE, Arthur. Breaking camp at Greenham: Britain ends a protest over missile deployment. Time, 16. dubna 1984. Dostupné online:
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,954249,00.html (ověřeno k: 2. 5. 2011).

MITCHELL, Alex. Disarmament – the Palme Commission’s proposals. Third Way, vol. 5, no. 7 (1982), s. 5-8.

MULLER, Henry; CRONIN, Mary. Disarming threat to stability. Time, 30. listopadu 1981. Dostupné online:
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,925047,00.html (ověřeno k: 2. 5. 2011).

PRIESTLEY, J. B. Britain and the nuclear bombs. New Statesman, 2. listopadu 1957. Dostupné online:
http://www.newstatesman.com/society/2007/02/nuclear-world-britain-power (ověřeno k: 9. 4. 2011).

SETON, Craig. 200 hippie arrests near Stonehenge. The Times, 21. června 1986.

WEBSTER, Philip. Kinnock admits switch from unilateralist defence policy. The Times, 10. února 1989.

WYATT, Woodrow. Weapons that can save the world. The Times, 9. listopadu 1985.

HOLLOWOOD, Bernard. Nothing to worry about, silly... Punch, prosinec 1957. Dostupné online: http://www.punchcartoons.com/popup_image.php?pID=2465& image=0 (ověřeno k: 9. 4. 2011)

Videa a filmy

Ban-bomb 800 jailed. Video newsreel film, 14. prosince 1961. British Pathé. Dostupné online: http://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=42879 (ověřeno k: 4. 5. 2011)
The War Game. Dostupné online: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58NmAzQzRjk (ověřeno k: 9. 4. 2011).
London – Anti-Vietnam Demonstrations (aka Mothering Sunday Brings More Protests for Peace in Vietnam). Video newsreel film, 28. března 1968. British Pathé. Dostupné online: http://www.britishpathe.com/record.php?id=45136 (ověřeno k: 4. 5. 2011)
Protect and Survive. Dostupné online: http://youtu.be/yRUzS7-5YQw (ověřeno k: 27. 4. 2011).
Q.E.D. – A Guide to Armageddon. Dostupné online:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AYMS1po0L8 (ověřeno k: 4. 5. 2011).

Sekundární literatura

ARNOLD, Lorna; SMITH, Mark. Atomic policies and policy makers: Britain, Australia and the Bomb. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingtoke 2006. 336 stran. ISBN: 978-1-4039-2101-7. Část dostupná online: http://www.palgrave.com/pdfs/1403921024.pdf (ověřeno k: 19. 4. 2011).

CLARKE, Michael. MOWLAM, Marjorie. Debate on disarmament. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1982. 143 stran. ISBN: 0710092695.

CROFT, Stuart et al. Britain and defence 1945–2000: A policy re-evaluation. Longman, Harlow 2001. 158 stran. ISBN: 0-582-30377-X.

FOOTE, Geoffrey. The Labour Party’s political thought: A history. St. Martin’s Press, New York 1997. 368 stran. ISBN: 0709910754.

GAMBLE, Andrew. The free economy and the strong state: The politics of Thatcherism. Macmillan, London 1989. 263 stran. ISBN: 0-333-36311-6.

HALBERSTAM, David. Černobílé desetiletí: Padesátá léta a Spojené státy. Prostor, Praha 2002. 695 stran. ISBN: 80-7260-074-5.

HELMREICH, Jonathan E. United States relations with Belgium and the Congo, 1940–1960. Associated University Presses, London 1998. 289 stran. ISBN: 0874136539.

HENNESSY, Peter. The Prime Minister: The office and its holders since 1945. Penguin Books, London 2001. 704 stran. ISBN: 0-14-028393-5.

LUŇÁK, Petr. Západ. Spojené státy a Západní Evropa ve studené válce. Libri, Praha 1997. 460 stran. ISBN: 80-85983-29-X.

MINNION, John; BOLSOVER, Philip, eds. The CND story: The first 25 years of CND in the words of the people involved. Allison and Busby Limited, London 1983. 158 stran. ISBN: 0850314879.

MORGAN, Kenneth O. a kol. Dějiny Británie. NLN, Praha 2008. 656 stran. ISBN: 978-80-7106-432-9.

NÁLEVKA, Vladimír. Světová politika ve 20. století (II.). Nakladatelství Aleš Skřivan ml., Praha 2000. 287 stran. ISBN: 80-86493-16-4.

PAGEDAS, Constantine A. Anglo-American strategic relations and the French problem, 1960-1963: A troubled partnership. Frank Cass, London 2000. 328 stran. ISBN: 9780714650029.

PARKIN, Frank. Middle class radicalism: The social bases of the British Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Manchester University Press, Manchester 1968. 207 stran. ISBN: 9780719003059.

PUTNAM, Robert D.; BAYNE, Nicholas. Hanging together: The seven-power summits. Harvard University Press, Harvard 1984. 304 stran. ISBN: 0803981015.

ROVNÁ, Lenka. Premiérka jejího veličenstva. Nakladatelství Evropského kulturního klubu, Praha 1991. 179 stran. ISBN: 80-85212-18-8.

TAYLOR, Richard. Against the bomb: The British peace movement 1958–1965. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1988. 384 stran. ISBN: 9780198275374.

TAYLOR, Richard; PRITCHARD, Colin. The protest makers. The British Nuclear Disarmament Movement of 1958-1965, Twenty Years On. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1980. 194 stran. ISBN: 0080279406.

THORPE, Andrew. A history of the British Labour Party. Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2008. 393 stran. ISBN: 978-0-230-50010-5.

WALZER, Michael. Just and unjust wars: a moral argument with historical illustrations. Basic Books, New York 2006. 400 stran. ISBN: 9780465037056.

WASSON, Ellis. Dějiny moderní Británie od roku 1714 po dnešek. Grada, Praha 2010. 429 stran. ISBN: 978-80-247-3267-1.

WITTNER, Lawrence S. The struggle against the bomb. Volume one, one world or none: A history of the world nuclear disarmament movement through 1953. Stanford University Press, Stanford 1994. 456 stran. ISBN: 0-8047-2528-4.

WITTNER, Lawrence S. The struggle against the bomb. Volume two, Resisting the bomb: A history of the world nuclear disarmament movement, 1954–1970. Stanford University Press, Stanford 1997. 641 stran. ISBN: 0-8047-2918-2.

WITTNER, Lawrence S. The struggle against the bomb. Volume three, Toward nuclear abolition: A history of the world nuclear disarmament movement, 1970 to the present. Stanford University Press, Stanford 2003. 657 stran. ISBN: 0-8047-4862-4.


Nuclear Files: Joseph Rotblat. Dostupné online:
http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/library/biographies/bio_rotblat-joseph.htm (ověřeno k: 12.4.2011).

BALL, S. J. Military nuclear relations between the United States and Great Britain under the terms of the McMahon Act, 1946–1948. The Historical Journal, vol. 38, no. 2 (1995), s. 439-454.

BYRNE, Paul. Nuclear weapons and CND. Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 51, no. 3 (1998), s. 424-434.

GOLDBERG, Alfred. The atomic origins of the British nuclear deterrent. International Affairs, vol. 40, no. 20 (1964), s. 409-429.

JOFFE, Josef. Peace and populism: Why the European anti-nuclear movement failed. International Security, vol. 11, no. 4 (1987), s. 3-40.

JENKINS, Robin. Who are these marchers? Journal of Peace Research, vol. 4, no. 1 (1967), s. 46-60.

McKAY, George. Subcultural innovations in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Peace Review: Journal of Social Justice. Vol. 16, no. 4 (2004), s. 429-438.

MYERS, Frank E. Dilemmas in the British peace movement since World War II. Journal of Peace Research, vol. 10, no. 1/2 (1973), s. 81-90.

PICKERING, Jeffrey. Politics and ’Black Tuesday‘: Shifting power in the Cabinet and the decision to withdraw from East of Suez, November 1967–January 1968. Twentieth Century British History, vol. 13, no. 2 (2002), s. 144-170.

SCHWARTZ, Leonard E. Perspective on Pugwash. International Affairs, vol. 43, no. 3 (1967), s. 498-515.

STECK, Henry J. The re-emergence of ideological politics in Great Britain: The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. The Western Political Quarterly. Vol. 18, no. 1 (1965), s. 87-103.

SPINARDI, Graham. Aldermaston and British nuclear weapons development: Testing the ‘Zuckerman thesis‘. Social Studies of Science, vol. 27, no. 4 (1997), s. 547-582.

SUSSMAN, Glen; STEEL, Brent S. Support for protest methods and political strategies among peace movement activists: Comparing the United States, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. The Western Political Quarterly, vol. 44, no. 3 (1991), s. 519 – 540.

TAYLOR, Claire. A brief guide to previous British defence reviews. SN/IA/5714. House of Commons Library. Dostupné online:
http://www.parliament.uk/briefingpapers/commons/lib/research/briefings/snia-05714.pdf (ověřeno k: 19. 4. 2011).

THOMAS, Nick. Challenging myths of the 1960s: The case of student protest in Britain. Twentieth Century British History, vol. 13, no. 3 (2002), s. 277-297.

WESTCOTT, Kathryn. World’s best-known protest symbol turns 50. BBC News. Dostupné online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7292252.stm (ověřeno k: 18. 5. 2011).
Předběžná náplň práce
Analýza působení hnutí za jaderné odzbrojení, její vliv na veřejné mínění a politické rozhodování, srovnání významu činnosti hnutí v 50. a 80. letech. Soustředit bych se chtěla na Kampaň za jaderné odzbrojení (CND) a nalézt odpověď na některé klíčové otázky, např. z čeho tato kampaň vychází, proč vzniká, čeho chce dosáhnout, kdo jsou její členové, jaký dostávají prostor v médiích a zda mají i politickou podporu, popř. zda se jim podařilo prosadit přijetí nějakého klíčového rozhodnutí. Ráda bych zjistila, jak se změnila společnost v 50. a 80. letech a jaký to mělo vliv na fungování CND. I v současné době se objevují v britských médiích zprávy o osobách, které byly dříve členy této kampaně, má práce by měla nastínit, proč je to i nyní palčivé téma.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
I analyse the work and influence of the British Nuclear Disarmament Movement, its effects on public opinion and political decisions. I would like to compare the importance of the movement’s activities in the 1950s and the 1980s. I focus on the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and I would like to answer some key questions, for example: What are the main resources of the movement’s programme? Where is the origin of the movement and what are the reasons of its emergence? Who are the activists? Did they have the chance to present their attitudes in media? Did they find any political support? Did their activities resulted in concluding any important agreement? I would like to point out the changes in society in the 1950s and 1980s and how they influenced the work of CND. Even nowadays are the British media reporting on the former members of the Campaign. In my thesis I would like to explain why is this activism still a source of controversy.
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